Monday, October 31, 2005

Nanodetex suit could chill state's tech sector

As seen on msnbc.msn.com:
Nanodetex suit could chill state's tech sector... "A $225 million lawsuit filed against Sandia National Laboratories by one of its most promising spin-out companies could have a chilling, long-term effect on New Mexico's technology economy. The suit might discourage technology transfers out of Sandia and already is having a major impact on another Sandia spin-out that has been added as a co-defendant to the federal suit."

Small company makes big claims on XML patents

As seen on news.zdnet.com:
Small company makes big claims on XML patents... "A small software developer plans to seek royalties from companies that use XML, the latest example of patent claims embroiling the tech industry. Charlotte, N.C.-based Scientigo owns two patents (No. 5,842,213 and No. 6,393,426) covering the transfer of 'data in neutral forms.' These patents, one of which was applied for in 1997, are infringed upon by the data-formatting standard XML, Scientigo executives assert. Scientigo intends to 'monetize' this intellectual property, Scientigo CEO Doyal Bryant said this week. Rather than seek royalties itself, Scientigo has forged a tentative agreement with an intellectual-property licensing firm that will handle contracts with third parties, Bryant said."

New brain tumor model developed

As seen on eurekalert.org:
New brain tumor model developed... "A collaboration of researchers, led by Dr. Martine Roussel (St. Jude Children's Research Hospital), has developed a novel mouse model of medulloblastoma -- the most prevalent malignant pediatric brain tumor -- that the researchers hope will more accurately represent the genetic changes involved in human brain tumor development."

Do's And Don'ts of Search Engine Marketing, including IP Rights

As seen on hotelnewsresource.com:
The Do's And Don'ts Of SEM, Including 'Bid Gap' Management And Intellectual Property Rights... "In last week's installment The Value of Search Engine Marketing we looked at the how your hotel website can be marketed via the search engines to drive business directly to your own website and your booking engine. This week we will cover some of the 'do's and don'ts' for the hoteliers who choose to manage their own online marketing. We also touch on two often overlooked elements of online marketing; 'big gap management' and protecting your intellectual property online."

Qualcomm faces EU patents inquiry

As seen on news.independent.co.uk:
Qualcomm faces EU patents inquiry... "Six of the world's largest mobile phone companies have each filed complaints to the European Commission accusing Qualcomm, the US chip manufacturer, of stifling competition. The companies, which include Nokia and Texas Instruments, allege Qualcomm's failure to license its chip technology on fair and reasonable terms has led to European phone users over-paying for handsets and phone services. The row centres on the WCDMA technology that is now the standard in most third-generation mobile phones. Qualcomm, which played a leading role in developing the standard, is the US's largest supplier of chips for use in American mobile phones, but in Europe it chiefly operates by licensing its phone technologies."

Sunday, October 30, 2005

Patents: Trilateral Users Meeting, 17 November

As seen on ipmenu.com:
Patents: Trilateral Users Meeting, 17 November... "The Trilateral Users Meeting will be held in Munich, Germany on 17 November 2005. This meeting provides 'A unique opportunity to both learn about progress in the co-operation between the EPO, the JPO and the USPTO as seen by the Heads of the three Offices and to better understand the wishes of American, European and Japanese users'. 'For the past 23 years, the trilateral co-operation between the EPO, the JPO and the USPTO has resulted in major improvements to the practice of the three offices for the benefit of their users. The annual trilateral meetings are the source of ongoing developments in the infrastructure of the international patent system'."

Ranbaxy, Cipla in race for bird flu drug patent

As seen on business-standard.com:
Ranbaxy, Cipla in race for bird flu drug patent... "Despite the government granting emergency marketing approval to Swiss drug maker Roche's avian influenza drug Tamiflu, Ranbaxy and Cipla remain in the fray to produce the drug's generic version, Oseltamivir. The Indian companies are already looking to export Oseltamivir dosages to western and Southeast Asian countries. A high-level committee's decision not to circumvent the pending patent application of Roche, filed in 2001, will delay but not deny the launch of the domestic version of the drug, as the Indian companies will now have to wait for a licence from the patent-holder. "Ranbaxy is going to be a part of this public health programme. We are in touch with the government and Roche for ironing out the intellectual property issues. We intend to make the generic version available by the first quarter of 2006," said Ramesh L Adige, director of Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd."

Saturday, October 29, 2005

RP seeks WHO okay to manufacture drug vs bird flu

As seen on philstar.com:
RP seeks WHO okay to manufacture drug vs bird flu... "Calling it a public health emergency, the Philippines has asked the World Health Organization (WHO) to grant permission for local manufacturers to manufacture the patented anti-flu drug oseltamivir (Tamiflu). In an interview during Vice President Noli de Castro's weekly radio program 'Para sa Yo... Bayan,' Health Secretary Francisco Duque III said he has repeatedly raised this issue with the WHO. 'I have been asking the WHO Western Pacific regional committee meeting since July because there is only one drug manufacturer that makes this drug,' he said in Filipino. 'We can ask for an exception by invoking public health emergency,' Duque added. He said the WHO reported that Swiss drug manufacturer Roche, which holds the patent on Tamiflu, is having difficulty meeting its commitment to manufacture 30 million capsules to enable the global stockpiling of the drug to combat avian influenza. If the WHO can grant compulsory licensing for local firms to manufacture Tamiflu, Duque said the Philippines has the capability to make the drug. At the Senate, Sen. Mar Roxas, chairman of the committee on trade and commerce, has filed Senate Bill 2139 in a bid to amend the country's patent law on medicines. 'There should be a collective effort among government agencies, international health organizations, and local pharmaceutical firms to work closely together and draw up immediate as well as long-term action against the bird flu outbreak,' he said. Roxas urged local drug manufacturers to file petitions with the Intellectual Property Office for compulsory licensing, which would enable them to manufacture generic versions of Tamiflu. He also called on the IPO to fast-track applications for compulsory licensing.

Alarm grows over iPod security risk

As seen on scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com:
Alarm grows over iPod security risk... "COMPANIES have been warned that employees could be using their iPods for purposes other than listening to music. The devices are also being used to download secret data. With the level and value of work-related fraud reaching record highs, KPMG Forensic has warned that companies need to pay more attention to the growing risk posed by electronic devices that are capable of downloading commercially sensitive material."

Mentor Enterprise PCB Leverages Multiple Disciplines

As seen on reed-electronics.com:
Mentor Enterprise PCB Leverages Multiple Disciplines... "To improve operational efficiencies of intellectual property management for reduced PCB design cycle time, product costs and higher design quality, Mentor Graphics Corp. unveiled its Expedition Enterprise flow for PCB systems design this week. The flow is meant to allow large electronics companies to leverage their multi-disciplined design team resources, by providing access to their intellectual property on a global basis by integrating design data with corporate product lifecycle management, supply chain and manufacturing systems, as well as communicate with outsourced design and manufacturing."

Wireless firms ask EU to probe Qualcomm's 3G patent licensing conduct

As seen on forbes.com:
Wireless firms ask EU to probe Qualcomm's 3G patent licensing conduct... "LM Ericsson AB, Nokia Corp, Broadcom Corp, NEC Corp, Panasonic Mobile Communications and Texas Instruments Inc said they have each filed complaints to the European Commission asking it to investigate Qualcomm Inc's conduct in the licensing of essential patents for 3G mobile technology. The companies allege that Qualcomm is violating EU competition law and is failing to meet the commitments it made to international standard bodies around the world that it would license its technology on fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory terms. They want the EU to stop this conduct. They say that without those commitments, the WCDMA 3G standard would not have been adopted, but that Qualcomm is now infringing them."

Friday, October 28, 2005

BlackBerry does JPEG patent deal

As seen on hardware.silicon.com:
BlackBerry does JPEG patent deal... "BlackBerry wireless device maker RIM inked a deal to license part of the JPEG file format patent from Forgent Networks, the companies said. The one-time perpetual licence covers all of Waterloo, Ontario-based RIM's BlackBerry devices and its BlackBerry Connect messaging service, which allows wireless always-on access to email and corporate data on portable devices. Financial terms of the agreement were not disclosed."

Music industry sues Concord, NH eatery

As seen on nh.com:
Music industry sues Concord, NH eatery... "The music industry is taking legal action against the Capital Grille in Concord, the latest in a series of lawsuits it has been filing against restaurants and other entertainment venues for letting live performers sing such songs as 'Born to Be Wild' and 'Joy to the World' without paying for the right to use them. In a suit filed Oct. 20 in U.S. District Court in Concord, Broadcast Music Inc., joined by such other industry heavyweights as Vivendi Universal Entertainment, Sony Corporation of America, Rondor Music International and Warner/Chappell Music - along with musicians such as Sheryl Crow and Paul Simon - charged that the Capital Grille unjustly profited from the performance of 13 songs. The songs include Steppenwolf's classic 'Born to Be Wild,' the Simon and Garfunkel tune, 'Cecilia,' Johnny Cash's 'Folsom Prison Blues' and 'Joy To the World.' The last song is licensed to Rondor Music International, according to the suit. The complaint said that BMI warned Capital Grille that it was infringing on the companies' copyrights, and that such unauthorized public performance cause the companies 'great and incalculable damage.' "

Staff shop pirate bosses

As seen on out-law.com:
Staff shop pirate bosses... "An increasing number of employees are reporting their employers for using pirated software, resulting in a 23% increase in the number of investigations into business use of illegal software over the past year, according to the Business Software Alliance (BSA)."

Xybernaut Negotiates Debtor-In-Possession Loan

As seen on prnewswire.com:
Xybernaut Negotiates Debtor-In-Possession Loan... "Xybernaut Corporation (OTC: XYBRQ.PK) has negotiated a debtor-in-possession loan with LC Capital Master Fund of New York City to enable the company to continue operations through its reorganization and provide an orderly runway to market its portfolio of patents and intellectual properties. The loan is for up to $5 million over a one-year period. The United States Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Virginia has approved the loan today as part of Xybernaut's Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceeding."

Kimchi goes on list of internationally recognized commodities

As seen on kois.go.kr:
Kimchi goes on list of internationally recognized commodities... "Kimchi, a favorite traditional Korean food, is expected to be on the list of internationally accepted goods registered as trade marks, a move which would contribute to increasing export through a better management of its brand, the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO) said Friday (Oct. 28). KIPO said with the English designation of Kimchi to be listed on the Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks starting Jan. 1, 2007, the international prestige of the staple side food will be upgraded in terms of better trade mark protection and overseas shipments. The 20th Committee of Experts under the Nice agreement that closed on Oct. 14 decided to enter Kimchi as a new commodity under Class 29 and referred the decision to next year's general assembly of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) for approval. "

USM Systems, Ltd. IP to Be Manufactured, Marketed by Pinnacle Technology Group

AS seen on prnewswire.com:
USM Systems, Ltd. Intellectual Property to Be Manufactured, Marketed by Pinnacle Technology Group... "USM Systems, Ltd. (USMS), developer of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) solutions, announces that Pinnacle Technology Group, Inc. (Toledo, OH) is licensed to manufacture and market products using USM Systems' Event Driven intellectual property. Competitive Technologies, Inc. (CTT) (www.competitivetech.net) granted use of the patents, which are the work of Chester T. Przygoda, Founder and President of USM Systems, Ltd. Competitive Technologies, Inc. is the exclusive licensee of USM Systems' patented information technology. USM Systems' intellectual property enables RFID systems to gather and export data from its collection to an enterprise computer network. The license helps to introduce into the marketplace RFID solutions that let businesses control loss/shrinkage; improve equipment maintenance and record keeping; increase utilization of fixed assets; and manage personnel tracking."

Thursday, October 27, 2005

Commerce secretary says China should enforce IP rights

As seen on newsfromrussia.com:
Commerce secretary says China should enforce intellectual property rights... "China should strengthen enforcement of intellectual property rights and continue relaxing currency restrictions, Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez said. He also said the United States should resist domestic pressure to establish trade barriers because they would harm both the U.S. and the global economy. 'Last year, the majority of patent applications in China came from Chinese innovators,' Gutierrez said in a speech. 'It is in China's own interest to encourage domestic innovators. China has a stake in promoting intellectual property rights.' He said that last year, two-thirds of all phony goods seized by U.S. customs came from China and 90 percent of the software sold there is pirated."

01 Communique Files Patent Application for Remote PC Wake-Up Tech

AS seen on prnewswire.com:
01 Communique Files Patent Application for its Remote PC Wake-Up Technology... "01 Communique Laboratory Inc. (TSX: ONE - http://www.01com.com), a remote access solutions provider, announced it has filed a patent application for its remote Personal Computer (PC) wake-up technology. This technology provides for remote-booting of a turned-off desktop PC, which allows a PC that is 'shutdown' at the office to be remotely started. With the ability to 'wake-up' a PC, this technology eliminates the need for leaving your desktop PC turned-on while away, in order to be able to access it from a remote location."

Wednesday, October 26, 2005

WSJ.com: Supreme Court Rejects RIM's Stay Request

As seen on online.wsj.com:
Supreme Court Rejects RIM's Stay Request... "U.S. Chief Justice John Roberts denied Research In Motion Inc.'s request to freeze lower court proceedings in a patent dispute between the BlackBerry maker and NTP Inc. The emergency request was denied without comment. RIM could refile the request with another justice, but such a move isn't likely to result in a different outcome. Research In Motion, a Waterloo, Ontario, maker of Blackberry wireless email devices, filed the request with the high court on Monday. RIM has been trying to ensure a U.S. District Court doesn't enact an injunction restricting its ability to sell and support Blackberry operations in the U.S. because of a patent infringement case the company lost against NTP, a Virginia patent holding company. The two companies have been fighting over BlackBerry technologies in court for more than four years. Attempts between the two companies to settle the matter have so far been unsuccessful. Chief Justice Roberts handles emergency requests for cases out of the Washington-based Federal U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which reviewed the case on appeal because it dealt with patent law. In its appeals, RIM has argued -- so far unsuccessfully -- that U.S. patent laws don't apply to it because the company operates in Canada. A trial in a Virginia district court resulted in a jury verdict against Research In Motion over five patents in 2003."

NH: News mixed for women in workplace

As seen on concordmonitor.com:
NH: News mixed for women in workplace... "Working women in New Hampshire own more businesses than a decade ago and those businesses bring in more revenue, but there are still far more women earning minimum wage than running companies in the state, according to research presented yesterday by University of New Hampshire economist Ross Gittell. The good news, Gittell told those who gathered for a summit on the status of working women, is that businesses owned by women in the state are earning more money, more women have joined the full-time work force and the earnings of women have been growing faster than men's in the past two decades. The bad news is New Hampshire is still lagging behind most other states in the number of women who own businesses, fewer women hold top positions in corporations with headquarters in the state and female workers dominate the lowest-paid jobs, he said."

Record trade surplus is not all good news

As seen on chinadaily.com.cn:
Record trade surplus is not all good news... "Moving from an aggregate deficit of US$950 million in the first eight months of last year to a surplus of US$60.8 billion during the same period this year, China has unmistakably demonstrated growing competitiveness in the global market. But an unprecedented trade surplus does not mean all is well, especially as China's influence on the world economy has become so conspicuous. Aware of the potential disputes a rapid growth in trade surplus may lead to, policy-makers have repeatedly made clear that it is not the country's intention to pursue an ever-expanding trading gap. Yet, as the likelihood of China becoming a world manufacturing centre has increasingly been realized through the accelerated influx of foreign investment in recent years, the economy has more closely followed the beat of the market than the baton of the policy-makers. Optimistic forecasts put the total trade surplus for this year at US$100 billion - double the largest annual figure in the country's history."

North Dakota trade delegation heading to Cuba

As seen on grandforks.com:
North Dakota trade delegation heading to Cuba... "Agriculture Commissioner Roger Johnson says 11 people will accompany him on a trade trip to Cuba next week. The delegation will attend the Havana International Trade Fair Oct. 31 through Nov. 5. 'The Cubans have said up front that they want to buy at least 20,000 metric tons of dry peas from North Dakota, and that they are also very interested in other commodities, including wheat, pulses, potatoes and onions,' Johnson said. The president of Cuba's state food-buying agency invited North Dakota to take part in the trade fair, Johnson said."

IP Rights are Human Rights

As seen on heartland.org:
Intellectual Property Rights are Human Rights... " Is the public harmed by the private ownership of intellectual property? Given the ease with which today's digital technology allows sampling, copying, and distribution of software, recordings, and video, do copyrights hold back innovation or new mediums of expression arising from the digital world? And if so, should intellectual property lose its protection for the benefit of all? That is precisely what some activists and civil society organizations have been arguing, and they have managed to persuade some governments to adopt their position. Their effort has hung a cloud of suspicion over intellectual property protection and has imperiled the further implementation of beneficial intellectual property regimes in developing countries. Fortunately, earlier and wiser voices concerned about protecting human rights were insightful enough to address the issue of intellectual property rights as well."

Tuesday, October 25, 2005

Acacia Technologies Licenses Resource Scheduling Tech to Rockwell Automation

As seen on home.businesswire.com:
Acacia Technologies Licenses Resource Scheduling Technology to Rockwell Automation... "Acacia Research Corporation (Nasdaq:ACTG)(Nasdaq:CBMX) announced that TechSearch, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary that is part of the Acacia Technologies group, a leader in technology licensing, has entered into a license with Rockwell Automation, Inc., covering a patent that applies to systems for scheduling and managing resources."

Bright Things Receives Notice of Allowance for U.S. Patent on Interactive DVD Tech

As seen on prnewswire.com:
Bright Things plc Receives Notice of Allowance for U.S. Patent on Interactive DVD Technology... "Bright Things plc, the developer of an educational DVD games console, Bubble, and associated software titles for the pre-school market, has received a Notice of Allowance from the United States Patent and Trademark Office for its patent application entitled 'Remote Control for Providing Interactive DVD Navigation Based on User Response.' The technology is an integral part of Bright Things' interactive DVD product, Bubble, and protects core technology of the company."

India, Pakistan for speeding up tech transfer to Third World

As seen on financialexpress.com:
India, Pakistan for speeding up tech transfer to Third World... "India, Pakistan and the Philippines have suggested that the voluntary guidelines for technology transfer-related provisions in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreements should be formally adopted to make technology-transfer to developing countries effective."

Monday, October 24, 2005

NTP to press RIM for BlackBerry licence

As seen on managingip.com:
NTP to press RIM for BlackBerry licence... "NTP will offer Research In Motion (RIM) terms for a monetary settlement, after RIM lost a bid to halt patent litigation surrounding its BlackBerry device. Donald Stout, NTP's litigator and partner at Antonelli Terry Stout & Kraus, told MIP Week: 'We will offer RIM a licence, and we want an injunction unless they sign. RIM has to make its mind up because it is running out of options.' He said that the licence is likely to be worth more than $450 million - the value of the previous settlement which collapsed in June this year. On October 21 the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit denied RIM's wish to await a US Supreme Court decision as to whether it would accept an appeal once the case is over. "

Top Fakes for September: Counterfeit & Piracy Report

As seen on i-newswire.com:
Top Fakes for September... "September marked the highest month-to-date for intellectual property violations with 142 incidents (trademark infringement and copyright violations). Total counterfeit and piracy seizures and losses exceeded $117 Million (USD), as reported by Gieschen Consultancy."

Japan is Back, For Real This Time

As seen on feer.com:
Japan is Back, For Real This Time... "Japan is back as a high-growth economy. A combination of positive cyclical forces and structural changes suggests that an upgrade to the short- and medium- term outlook for the country is in order. Over the next five to 10 years, the Japanese economy's growth potential is poised to be close to 2.5% - much higher than the 1% to 1.5% estimates commonly proffered by economists. This paves the way for the Japanese economy to become an even more powerful engine of prosperity for Asia. Several factors underlie this newfound optimism. The country's private sector no longer faces an overhang - Japan has successfully worked off its post-bubble legacy of excess debt, excess capacity and excess employment. On the supply side, there has been an unprecedented reduction in unit labor costs - the rise in corporate Japan's profitability and global competitiveness has only just begun."

Maine delegation leaves on weeklong trade mission to France

As seen on pressherald.mainetoday.com:
Maine delegation leaves on weeklong trade mission to France... "More than three dozen business, governmental and education leaders left Saturday on a trade mission to promote ties between Maine and France. The trip aims to strengthen economic, cultural and educational connections, said Richard Coyle, president of the Maine International Trade Center. Among those participating are representatives of the wood products, boat-building, metal products, tourism and food industries."

Sunday, October 23, 2005

UK: Kent Businesses to Gain Insight into Value of Managing IP

As seen on ag-ip-news.com :
Kent Businesses to Gain Insight into the Value of Managing their IP... "The UK Patent Office announced on Friday that it is holding a free What is the Key? event for Kent businesses on November 8, 2005 to help entrepreneurs understand why knowledge of intellectual property (IP) is essential to the progress of their business. According to a press release by the Office, the events follow on from Patent Office research which found that more than one third of business owners do not understand that IP is important and just over a quarter recognize it as significant but do not know how to start managing it. The Kent event is being held at The Spa Hotel in Tunbridge Wells. Delegates will learn how management of IP is crucial to growing enterprises."

RIM Loses Motion on BlackBerry Lawsuit

As seen on washingtonpost.com:
RIM Loses Motion on BlackBerry Lawsuit... "Research in Motion Ltd. yesterday lost its bid to halt proceedings in a patent lawsuit that threatens U.S. sales of its BlackBerry handheld e-mail device. The company's shares fell as much as 9.6 percent during the course of trading yesterday. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit yesterday rejected the company's request for a stay while it appeals the case to the U.S. Supreme Court. The appeals court previously upheld most of a patent-infringement finding in favor of Alexandria-based NTP Inc., which may lead to an injunction barring BlackBerry sales and service in the U.S."

Saturday, October 22, 2005

Calyptix Secures Intellectual Property Rights

As seen on businesswire.com:
Calyptix Secures Intellectual Property Rights; UNC Charlotte Partners with Security Company... "UNC Charlotte and Calyptix Security Corporation have completed a transaction transferring rights to an extensive intellectual property portfolio covering enhanced computer security solutions to Calyptix. 'UNC Charlotte has been a tremendous partner for Calyptix since inception and we look forward to growing this company. This technology immediately positions Calyptix to deliver a dynamic, comprehensive network security solution to the small and medium business market,' states Ben Yarbrough, chief executive officer, Calyptix. 'In addition, this IP portfolio includes exciting future growth opportunities with strong platforms to develop database and application level security solutions.' "

Free Black Duck Software until Dec. 31

As seen on newsforge.com:
Free Black Duck Software until Dec. 31... "Black Duck wants companies to use the service to assess software projects and to encourage wider, legally-compliant use of open source by allowing enterprises, governments, law firms, etc. to better use open source and to operate legally. This is a BIG giveaway - users will be able to utilize the protexIP/OnDemand to assess their critical software and securely analyze software projects comprised of source code of up to 25 megabytes in size (approximately one million lines) - priced at $6,000 per project - there is no limit to projects scanned, the potential value is huge!"

Small company makes big claims on XML patents

As seen on news.zdnet.com:
Small company makes big claims on XML patents... "A small software developer plans to seek royalties from companies that use XML, the latest example of patent claims embroiling the tech industry. Charlotte, N.C.-based Scientigo owns two patents (No. 5,842,213 and No. 6,393,426) covering the transfer of 'data in neutral forms.' These patents, one of which was applied for in 1997, are infringed upon by the data-formatting standard XML, Scientigo executives assert."

Friday, October 21, 2005

TRIPS and public health: Compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals

As seen on wto.org:
TRIPS and public health: Compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals and TRIPS... "What is compulsory licensing? Compulsory licensing is when a government allows someone else to produce the patented product or process without the consent of the patent owner. It is one of the flexibilities on patent protection included in the WTO's agreement on intellectual property - the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement."

Trademark ruling creates confusion

As seen on abanet.org:
TRADEMARK RULING CREATES CONFUSION... "In an opinion some legal scholars call confusing, the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has created a test for certain trademark cases that differs from widely relied-upon standards set by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. A three-judge panel of the Philadelphia-based 3rd Circuit held that to establish a violation in a case of nominative fair use of another's trademark, the plaintiff must first show defendant's use of its trademark creates a likelihood of confusion. Then, according to the court's new test, the defendant must show, based on a three-pronged test, fair use of the plaintiff's trademark. Century 21 Real Estate Corp. v. LendingTree Inc., No. 03-4700 (Oct. 11). Nominative fair use occurs when one business uses the trademark of another company to describe its own services. One example is a repair service using the brand name of an appliance manufacturer in advertisements to describe what products it services."

Virage Logic and MIPS Technologies Offer Core-Optimized IP Kits

As seen on mips.com:
Virage Logic and MIPS Technologies Accelerate Processor Performance with Core-Optimized IP Kits... "Technologies, Inc. (Nasdaq: MIPS) and Virage Logic Corp. (Nasdaq: VIRL) announced an alliance to deliver the first in a series of new Core-Optimized Intellectual Property (IP) Kits comprising Virage Logic Area, Speed and Power (ASAP) Memory and ASAP Logic IP specifically tuned to maximize the performance of MIPS Technologies processors. The strategic alliance is expected to enable designers of MIPS-Based System-on-Chips (SoCs) to realize a significant performance boost while also enjoying extra design flexibility."

Argonne Lab's technologies show commercial value

As seen on Argonne's technologies show commercial value:
Argonne Lab's technologies show commercial value... "Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory constantly cultivate new technology, and this summer the laboratory reaped an especially promising harvest. In June, Advanced Diamond Technologies Inc. of Champaign, Ill., announced that it had licensed several U.S. and foreign patent applications for composite materials developed at Argonne, which the University operates for the U.S. Department of Energy. The licenses include the rights to commercialize materials made of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond and carbon nanotubes, which together offer a variety of high-performance properties that will be useful in electronics and other products. In July, ADT, a startup based on Argonne technology, announced it had received a $500,000 small business grant from the National Science Foundation to pursue further development of the Ultrananocrystalline Diamond technology, working jointly with scientists as the Argonne National Laboratory. Also in July, All Hazards Management LLC of Denver announced that it had obtained worldwide exclusive rights to the Sync Matrix technology, a set of emergency preparedness software and services developed at Argonne. The technology helps integrate, coordinate and synchronize multi-jurisdictional responses to terrorist attacks or natural emergencies of any kind. The $5.5 million license and research agreement, which was negotiated by Argonne's Office of Technology Transfer, is the largest in the laboratory's history. "

PATENTS AND TECHNOLOGY

As seen on economist.com:
Patents and Technology... "In information technology and telecoms in particular, the role of intellectual property has changed radically. What used to be the preserve of corporate lawyers and engineers in R&D labs has been speedily embraced by the boardroom. Intellectual-asset management now figures as a strategic business issue. In America alone, technology licensing revenue accounts for an estimated $45 billion annually; worldwide, the figure is around $100 billion and growing fast."

Thursday, October 20, 2005

SEQUENOM Secures Rights to Key Non-Invasive Prenatal Diagnostic IP

As seen on biz.yahoo.com:
SEQUENOM Secures Rights to Key Non-Invasive Prenatal Diagnostic Intellectual Property... "SEQUENOM, Inc. (Nasdaq: SQNM - News) has acquired exclusive rights in certain countries including the United States, United Kingdom and other countries in Europe and elsewhere, to non-invasive prenatal diagnostic intellectual property from Isis Innovation Ltd., the technology transfer company of the University of Oxford, it was announced today. The intellectual property covers non-invasive prenatal genetic diagnostic testing on fetal nucleic acids derived from plasma or serum, which includes tests such as cystic fibrosis, hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell anemia and the thalassemias), and chromosomal aneuploidies (e.g. Down Syndrome), on any platform including mass spectrometry and real time polymerase chain reaction amplification platforms. Financial terms include up-front fees, milestone payments and royalties on product sales."

Publishers sue over Google internet library

As seen on business.timesonline.co.uk:
Publishers sue over Google internet library... "A day after Google was forced to changed the name of its e-mail service after legal action from a small British financial firm, the search engine company is facing another challenge in the courts. The Association of American Publishers is seeking an injunction to stop work on the Google Print Library Project, which involves indexing millions of copyrighted books from three major American university libraries and making them available on the internet."

Bush and EC President Seek Successful Trade Talks

As seen on tcc.mac.doc.gov:
Bush, European Commission President Seek Successful Trade Talks... "During an October 18 meeting with European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso, President Bush said that the United States and the European Union (EU) want to enhance global prosperity through trade and move the Doha round of trade negotiations forward. Barroso said the EU hopes for ambition and balanced results at the WTO ministerial in Hong Kong not only on agriculture but other issues such as services so that our citizens can really see the benefits of globalization."

Wednesday, October 19, 2005

Univ of New Hampshire researchers track tech downturns

As seen on nh.com:
Univ of New Hampshire researchers track tech downturns... "A new report by two researchers at the University of New Hampshire Whittemore School of Business and Economics has determined the key factors that caused some high-tech areas, such as California's Silicon Valley, to feel the economic pain more substantially than other areas when the tech boom of the 1990s turned to bust. The report, authored by Ross Gittell, professor of management, and Jeffrey Sohl, director of the Center for Venture Research, authored, 'Technology Centres During The Economic Downturn: What Have We Learned?' was published in the British journal Entrepreneurship & Regional Development. The article assesses the economic performance of metropolitan technology centers in the United States during the business downturn of the early 2000s. 'For regions, economic advantage -- even with knowledge-based industry concentrations and strong existing business networks -- is a dynamic concept, not a static position. The main challenges ahead for technology centers and all regional economies is how to nurture and sustain economic vitality. The experience of the late 1990s in the U.S. tech centers suggest that continued change, diversification, adjustment and renewal will be necessary in the 21st century for regional economies, as it was for regions in the 20th and 19th centuries,' the researchers said."

USPTO panel boosts business method patents

As seen on managingip.com:
USPTO panel boosts business method patents... "An appeals panel at the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has rejected a standard commonly used by examiners to turn down business method patent applications. Ruling in the Ex parter Lundgren case, the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences threw out the so-called technological arts test, which was informally used as a reason to reject applications. Under the test, mathematical algorithms that do not affect machines - such as software programs - are not considered patentable. A similar test is used by examiners at the European Patent Office. But in its decision the Board said that under US statute and case law, no such test exists. 'Our determination is that there is currently no judicially recognized separate 'technological arts' test to determine patent eligible subject matter,' said the board, reversing the examiners rejection of the Lundgren patent. The patent concerns a method for calculating appropriate financial compensation for a business manager according to performance. The Board's rejection is based on case law at the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, specifically State Street Bank and AT&T v Excel, which established that algorithms can be patented if they 'produce a useful, concrete, tangible result'."

Canadian Supreme Court Hears Important Trademark Cases

As seen on CNW Group:
Canadian Supreme Court Hears Important Trademark Cases... "The Supreme Court of Canada will hear arguments in two cases that could have a major impact on trade-mark law and practice in the country. The two cases, Mattel, Inc. v. 3894207 Canada Inc. and Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin v. Les Boutiques Cliquot Ltee et al., are expected to establish the limits of protection for famous brands in Canada. In both cases, a large multi-national corporation with extensive brand recognition is arguing for the right to broad protection, even if the offender is not a direct competitor. The lawyers of Smart & Biggar are leading practitioners in trade-mark law and are available to comment on the potential impact of these cases on Canada's commercial landscape."

LES 2005 Deals of Distinction Awards Announced

As seen on biz.yahoo.com:
LES 2005 Deals of Distinction Awards Announced... "The Licensing Executives Society (USA and Canada), Inc. (LES) announced the winners of its inaugural Deals of Distinction Award program. The LES Deals of Distinction Award is a new industry sector level award which aspires to recognize worthy licensing deals and promote creative and innovative solutions to business issues involving contracts announced over the prior year, in each of the six recognized LES Industry Sectors."

Tuesday, October 18, 2005

Outsourcing Value Plunges

As seen on redherring.com:
Outsourcing Value Plunges... "There will be more outsourcing deals signed this year than last, but the value of those contracts will plunge between 10 and 15 percent, according to a report released Monday by a consulting firm. According to Technology Partners International, a Houston-based sourcing advisory firm, the total value of 2005 deals will fall to between $60 billion and $65 billion from an average of $72 billion over recent years. This decline is occurring despite record gains in the number of contracts signed in 2005. The number of contracts increased 11 percent from 172 at this time last year to 191 so far in 2005."

Raptor Networks Technology, Inc. Adds to IP Portfolio

As seen on prnewswire.com:
Raptor Networks Technology, Inc. Adds to Intellectual Property Portfolio With Six Additional Distributed Network Architecture Patent Filings... "Raptor Networks Technology, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: RPTN), today announced the completion of six additional patent filings related to distributed Ethernet switch architectures, which are network topologies and applications in which geographically separated devices connect and operate as one switch. The architectures represented by these patent filings are transformational to the manner in which evolving latency-sensitive applications and new services with enormous potential including Voice over IP, Internet Protocol Television (IPTV), and storage mirroring over distance can be accomplished."

UTEK Launches New IP2B(TM) Intellectual Property Management Software

As seen on businesswire.com:
UTEK Launches New IP2B(TM) Intellectual Property Management Software... "UTEKip Ltd., a subsidiary of UTEK Corporation (AMEX:UTK) (LSE-AIM:UTKA) announces the launch of its corporate intellectual property management software at the Licensing Executive Society (LES) 2005 Annual Meeting in Phoenix, Arizona. UTEKip is a leader in intellectual property management software for corporations, law firms with significant intellectual property practices and universities."

Monday, October 17, 2005

India: Farming without technology

As seen on business-standard.com:
India: Farming without technology... "India has one of the world's largest agricultural research networks, churning out a good deal of new technology. But the majority of farmers still practise traditional farming, for want of adequate transfer of the new technology to the fields. A recent National Sample Survey report on farmers revealed that over 60 per cent of them lack access to new technology. In reality, a sizable chunk of others, too, do not get to know all that is new and useful for them."

Trademark dispute: Fork in the road

As seen on Fork in the road:
Trademark dispute: Fork in the road... "Geely Auto, which was involved in a trademark dispute against Toyota two years ago, filed a lawsuit in September against a company in Kunming, Southwest China's Yunnan Province, over a disputed trademark. Geely sued Kunming Yajieli Trading Co Ltd because its products, men's shirts, bear the 'Gili' brand. The word means happiness and luck in Chinese, and it is pronounced the same as Geely. The clothing company has marketed its shirts with an advertising slogan connecting them to Geely Auto: 'Drive Geely cars, wearing Gili shirts and step onto the gili road.'"

Sunday, October 16, 2005

Insurance Information Institute Adds Three to Research Staff

As seen on insurancejournal.com:
Insurance Information Institute Adds Three to Research Staff... "Three new economists have joined the Insurance Information Institute, as part of the group's effort to enhance its research and analytic capabilities. All three economists will be working with Dr. Robert Hartwig, chief economist. "We are very fortunate to have three such qualified additions to the I.I.I. staff," said Dr. Hartwig. "They come to the I.I.I. at a time when the insurance industry faces a variety of extraordinary challenges ranging from record catastrophic loss to the threat of terrorism. Increasing our intellectual capital is imperative as we work to create a better-informed public policy debate while helping the public and media understand the many complexities of the industry's current situation."

Investments: A TINY Alternative in Nanotech

As seen on fool.com:
Investments: A TINY Alternative in Nanotech... "Until recently, investors looking for a 'pure play' investment in the field of nanotechnology had one choice: Harris & Harris (Nasdaq: TINY) -- a publicly traded venture capital firm that owns small equity stakes in more than a dozen privately held nanotechnology start-up companies. Another company, however, has recently begun making some noise, and investors interested in nanotechnology are encouraged to pay it some attention. That company is Arrowhead Research (Nasdaq: ARWR). It's headed by industry veteran R. Bruce Stewart, who founded Acacia Research, which brought Acacia Technologies (Nasdaq: ACTG) and CombiMatrix to market. Arrowhead, like Harris & Harris, focuses almost exclusively on nanotechnology, but its approach is quite distinct from TINY's and carries with it the potential for greater rewards as well as greater risks."

Sonic PCB Sonoprocess(TM) patents issue in Japan and USA

As seen on newswire.ca:
Sonic PCB Sonoprocess(TM) patents issue in Japan and USA... "Sonic Environmental Solutions Inc. (SNV-TSX Venture Exchange) today announced that the Company has received notification that patents for the Company's Sonoprocess(TM) for the treatment of POP (Persistent Organic Pollutants), including PCB (Polychlorinated Biphenyl), have issued in Japan and the USA. The patents refer to the Company's Sonoprocess(TM) for the treatment of soils and wastes contaminated with toxic industrial contaminants, including a number of chlorinated or brominated organics such as pesticides, herbicides, lubricants, and fire retardants. The patent relies on the use of Sonic's low frequency sonic generator technology to enhance extraction of contaminants and their subsequent chemical destruction."

Saturday, October 15, 2005

The European Patent Office epoline Annual Conference 2005

As seen on eurekalert.org:
The European Patent Office epoline Annual Conference 2005... "The future of the Intellectual Property infrastructure in Europe and contributions on the epoline products and services from the user's perspective will be the main subjects of the fourth epoline Annual Conference, which will be held at the Athenaeum InterContinental hotel in Athens on 23-24 November 2005. Around 400 patent professionals from all over Europe will come together and debate the latest developments in on-line patent management, information dissemination and role of electronic communication in European innovation and R&D."

Alleged Conflict of Interest Inside Sandia May Explain Failure to Transfer Technology

As seen on prnewswire.com:
Alleged Conflict of Interest Inside Sandia May Explain Failure to Transfer Technology... "On the heels of Nanodetex Corporation's recent $225 million lawsuit against Sandia Corporation for failing to fulfill its duties under a 2001 exclusive technology transfer licensing agreement, new developments have pointed Nanodetex principals to a serious conflict of interest involving members of Sandia's technology transfer team. According to an amended lawsuit filed today, several Sandia National Laboratories employees withheld crucial terrorist-fighting technology from Nanodetex in an attempt to illegally take the technology and start their own company. After filing suit in September, Nanodetex (www.nanodetex.com) principals discovered that Defiant Technologies (www.defiant-tech.com) has been in the process of negotiating a license with the Lab that may overlap Nanodetex's exclusive rights. Not only are Defiant's officers all employees of Sandia, they are also some of the very individuals who were supposed to transfer the technology to Nanodetex in the first place."

Cytomedix Announces Settlement of Patent Dispute With SafeBlood Technologies

As seen on primezone.com:
Cytomedix Announces Settlement of Patent Dispute With SafeBlood Technologies... "Cytomedix, Inc. (AMEX:GTF) announced that SafeBlood Technologies, Inc., based in Little Rock, Ark., has settled a patent dispute with Cytomedix for its platelet-derived therapies for treating wounds and other damaged tissue. Cytomedix had filed a suit against SafeBlood in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, which included claims for infringement of its 'Knighton' patent related to the use of platelet releasates for the healing of tissue. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, Cytomedix has granted a license to SafeBlood for the practice of the Knighton patent for SafeBlood's products and services. SafeBlood agreed to pay an undisclosed upfront payment spread over three years, plus between 8 and 9 percent of future gross sales of current licensed products and services. Certain minimum royalties are specified for disposable kits and for services related to platelet gel therapies."

Iron Mountain Boosts European Presence for Tech Escrow and Domain Name Services

As seen on prnewswire.com:
Iron Mountain Boosts European Presence for Technology Escrow and Domain Name Services... "Iron Mountain Incorporated (NYSE: IRM) has expanded its European presence with an increased focus on its Intellectual Property Management services. These services are designed to protect and manage intellectual property through technology escrow and domain name records management. The Intellectual Property Management division has established a dedicated team at Iron Mountain's London headquarters to offer its services with local service and support. In addition, Iron Mountain has storage vaults in the UK, Spain, Germany and France that are currently active with customers storing escrow materials."

Indian Drug Manufacturers Association (IDMA) affiliates with Academy for IP Studies

As seen on expresspharmapulse.com:
"The Indian Drug Manufacturers Association (IDMA) affiliates with the Academy for Intellectual Property Studies (AIPS) to stay on par with the changing intellectual property scenario. The need for Indian companies to acquire required skills to safeguard their interests in the present competitive arena has intensified. Intellectual property has evolved into a valuable asset but herein emerges the essentiality to harness the right skills."

Friday, October 14, 2005

Photo Agencies Scour the Web For Copyright Violations

As seen on online.wsj.com:
Photo Agencies Scour the Web For Copyright Violations... "Some stock photography companies are trying to combat copyright infringement by using a high-tech approach to tracing their images through the Web. This year, Getty beefed up its in-house technology to determine whether a photo is being used without permission and signed up for a service from an Israeli company called PicScout Inc. PicScout creates digital 'fingerprints' for images, allowing it to locate pictures even if a stealthy thief changes a photo by cropping it, resizing it, altering its color or changing its filename. It then sends Web crawlers scurrying through the Internet looking for images, trying to match them to the more than four million copyrighted photos in its database."

Human Gene Patents 'Surprisingly High,' A New Study Shows

As seen on online.wsj.com:
Human Gene Patents 'Surprisingly High,' A New Study Shows... "At least 18.5% of human genes are covered by U.S. patents, say researchers who have produced the first comprehensive map of the patent landscape for the genome. The researchers called the figure 'surprisingly high' and their findings, published in Friday's issue of the journal Science, are likely to add fuel to an already heated debate over ownership and the right to exploit human gene sequences commercially. U.S. and European patent law preclude anyone from patenting a gene as it exists in the human body. But for several decades, inventors and institutions have been filing for patents by claiming a proprietary way of isolating the genes or developing a specific therapeutic use for them that is claimed to be unique."

Brazilian Institute for Industrial Property (INPI) program for micro and small enterprise

As seen on inpi.gov.br:
Brazilian Institute for Industrial Property (INPI) program for micro and small enterprise... "To assist micro and small enterprises to protect their innovations and to access technological information contained in patent documents, the Brazilian Institute for Industrial Property (INPI) has launched the Programa FOCAR, in partnership with the Technology Network of Rio de Janeiro, SEBRAE/RJ and FINEP. The program aims to help micro and small enterprises identify their protectable assets. The Program, launched this year in Rio De Janeiro, will be implemented in 2006 across Brazil. The goal is to create an Integrated Center of Information Management in each region of the country." More information on the Focar Program at www.redetec.org.br/focar/index.asp.

Australian government web site focuses on IP in new businesses

As seen on ipaustralia.gov.au:
Australian government site focuses on IP in new businesses... "Smart Start is designed to introduce you to basic intellectual property (IP) concepts if you are starting or buying a business. IP Australia recognises that starting a business can be daunting, and that IP issues are often misunderstood or overlooked during this important phase. Smart Start has been structured to take into account some of the different scenarios that may face a new business, and provides case studies and useful information on what you need to know about IP when going into business."

Dow subsidiary awarded broad Bt patent

As seen on checkbiotech.org:
Dow subsidiary awarded broad Bt patent... "Dow claims that the patent covers every existing U.S. agricultural seed product engineered to express the Bt protein, setting the stage for possibly protracted and contentious patent litigation against other Bt registrants. Rather than litigate, Dow hopes other registrants will negotiate licensing agreements. Setting the stage for high-stakes negotiations, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office recently awarded Mycoge Plant Seeds, a wholly owned subsidiary of Dow AgroSciences, a patent for Bt expression in plants. The PTO granted the patent (No. 6,943,282) an Sept. 13 - nearly 20 years after Myocogen first submitted its claims. The patent applies to any plant which is genetically engineered to express crystalline (Cry) Ballicus thuringiensis proteins - the most effective bacterial insecticide yet discovered. In the United States, the big Bt crops are corn and cotton - representing millions of acres of U.S. plantings - but many others have been developed, as well. The others, particularly the Bt food crops, have been delayed because of consumer resistance to genetic engineering. But the existing, and potential, market for Bt crops is huge."

Thursday, October 13, 2005

ARIUS Receives Patent Protection for Lead Antibody

As seen as biotech-intelligence.com:
ARIUS Receives Patent Protection for Lead Antibody... "ARIUS Research Inc. (TSX-VE: ARI) announced that it has received a Notice of Allowance from the United States Patent and Trademark Office for a patent on its lead antibody, AR7BD-33-11A, targeting CD63. The patent is an important addition to the ARIUS intellectual property portfolio that underlies ongoing business development and licensing activities. This allowance covers the antibody molecule, various uses of the antibody, its derivatives, and a method for using it, and other similar antibodies, to treat cancers such as prostate and breast cancer. ARIUS has several additional patent applications pending that will continue to enhance the value of this important antibody asset."

Mistral Pharma Submits Provisional Patent Application for MIST-B01

As seen on ccnmatthews.com:
Mistral Pharma Submits a Provisional Patent Application for MIST-B01... "Mistral Pharma Inc. (TSX VENTURE:MIP) announced that it has filed a provisional patent application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for its MIST-B01 product. Mistral has recently announced positive clinical pharmacokinetic results on MIST-B01, a new once-daily formulation of a drug which is usually prescribed twice-daily. This patent application was filed by the Montreal office of Bereskin & Parr, a leading patent agent firm."

AMR Research: Supply Chain Risk Management Strategies, Part II

As seen on amrresearch.com:
AMR Research: Supply Chain Risk Management Strategies, Part II - Strategy No. 10: Intellectual property management risk mitigation... "As companies think through the risk of design pirating, they are designing their supply chains to protect intellectual property. One shoe manufacturer has the tops of its sneakers sewn in Asia and the soles manufactured in Mexico. It saves the manufacture of its special heel gels (its competitive advantage) produced in the United States with final assembly by a third-party logistics firm. This network is designed to protect intellectual property and improve responsiveness (see the AMR Research Alert article "Five Ways to Protect IP When Outsourcing"). The Takeaway: Design supply networks to protect product design information. This is increasingly a major factor in the definition of global networks."

Rise of the patent trolls

As seen on news.zdnet.com:
Rise of the patent trolls... "Call them the 'patent trolls.' These operators have no products or customers. Yet they wield the power to bring the companies that actually make and sell products to their knees. This makes them as threatening as the toughest competitor in the market. In recent years, patent trolls have raised massive amounts of money. They seek to quietly acquire significant patent portfolios with the intent of threatening lengthy and costly patent infringement lawsuits against operating companies. A troll's strategy is simple: to acquire patents with the primary purpose of making patent infringement claims."

Wednesday, October 12, 2005

WTO Panel Sides With U.S. on HFCS Dispute

As seen on agweb.com:
WTO Panel Sides With U.S. on HFCS Dispute... "U.S. Trade Representative Rob Portman applauded a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel decision issued today siding with the United States in its case against Mexico's beverage tax. Under the tax, soft drinks made with imported sweeteners, such as high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and beet sugar, are subject to a 20 percent tax on their sale and distribution. Beverages made with Mexican cane sugar are tax-exempt. The beverage tax resulted in an immediate drop in U.S. exports of HFCS to Mexico."

ENVISAGE Acquires ISERA's IP

As seen on biz.yahoo.com:
ENVISAGE Acquires ISERA's Intellectual Property and Key personnel... "ENVISAGE Technologies, developer of Human Capital Management and Training Automation technology for Law Enforcement and Homeland Security verticals, announced that it has acquired key strategic intellectual property assets from ISERA, a provider of software for complex scheduling and resource optimization, serving the military, government, emergency services and commercial sectors. Separately, ENVISAGE has also recently hired key former employees of ISERA."

British Judge Upholds One Lipitor Patent

As seen on biz.yahoo.com:
British Judge Upholds One Lipitor Patent... "A British judge upheld a United Kingdom patent covering the active ingredient in Pfizer Inc.'s blockbuster cholesterol drug Lipitor on Wednesday, but ruled that a second patent was invalid. Pfizer's shares rose more than 2 percent. Judge Nicholas Pumfrey ruled in the case which was brought by Indian pharmaceutical company Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd., which wants to release a generic version of the drug in Britain and was was challenging both patents, and by Britian's Arrow Generics Ltd., which was challenging the second patent that was ruled invalid."

VietNam Lawyers' Assn: IP laws need reform, executive management

As seen on vietnamnews.vnagency.com.vn:
VietNam Lawyers' Assn: IP laws need reform, executive management... "Dr Le Xuan Thao, a member of the standing board of the Viet Nam Lawyers' Association, spoke to Nhan Dan (The People) newspaper to express his opinions on the need to review intellectual property management."

Virtual AeroSurface Technologies to Commercialize Georgia Tech Innovation

As seen on azom.com:
Virtual AeroSurface Technologies to Commercialize Georgia Tech Innovation... "Virtual AeroSurface Technologies (VAST), a company assisted by Georgia Tech's VentureLab program, has received a Small Business Technology Transfer contract from the U.S. Air Force for $750,000. Flow control technology could allow military and civilian aircraft to fly without wing flaps. The Air Force contract brings total funding for VAST to $920,000, including other contracts from the Air Force and the Army. The flow-control-technology company, a member of Georgia Tech's VentureLab for the past two years, is the 10th company to be formed and win financing while in VentureLab."

Tuesday, October 11, 2005

Court bars patent protection for certain gene fragments

As seen on wistechnology.com:
Court bars patent protection for certain gene fragments... "The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) issued a patent-law decision last month that inevitably will render hundreds of pending patent applications worthless, and that will raise the bar for proving gene and protein related inventions useful. At issue was whether certain gene fragment sequences were useful. Most notably whether the gene fragments have a specific and substantial use, as required by U.S. patent law. The CAFC ruled against the patent applicants in In re Fisher. By maintaining the decision of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences, the decision bars patent protection for gene fragments that do not have a 'specific and substantial' utility. The ramifications of this decision were recognized by some of the largest pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies who submitted amicus curie, or friend of the court, briefs in support of the USPTO."

Nashua Corp. to settle patent case

As seen on nashuatelegraph.com:
Nashua Corp. to settle patent case... "Nashua Corp. announced Monday that has agreed to settle a patent infringement case brought by Oce Printing Systems GmbH. Under the agreement, Nashua Corp. will no longer offer or sell the toner containers in question and the lawsuit will be dismissed. "Settling the Oce litigation is a positive development for Nashua as it resolves an issue that has occupied management time and attention," said Andrew Albert, Nashua Corp.'s president and chief executive officer, in a prepared statement. When the suit was filed in March, Nashua Corp. officials denied any infringement of Oce's patents on its toner containers. Nashua Corp. announced April 5 that it was exiting the toner business so it could better focus on its other divisions, such as specialty papers."

Human Version of Bird Flu Inevitable, UN Health Official Says

As seen on bloomberg.com:
"Health officials are unprepared to treat an inevitable world outbreak of human avian flu, the United Nations coordinator for avian and human influenza said. ``I do not know when. I do not know where. But I do know it will come sometime,'' said David Nabarro, who became the UN's flu chief less than two weeks ago. He was speaking to reporters at the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome. The European Union earlier this week extended a ban on poultry imports from Turkey to cover live birds and feathers after an outbreak of bird flu in the northwest of the country. A possible Romanian case is also being monitored, although EU Health Commissioner Markos Kyprianou said in Sofia today that he doesn't believe the bird deaths are flu-related. "

VoIP's Growth Sparks Patent-Infringement Lawsuit

As seen on informationweek.com:
"As the appeal of voice over IP grows among businesses and consumers, telecom vendors are scrambling for position. Sprint Nextel Corp. last week moved to strengthen its grip on the market by filing a patent-infringement lawsuit that names two small, yet successful, VoIP providers. A U.S. District Court suit naming Vonage Holdings Corp., which sells consumers low-cost subscription phone services, and theglobe.com, a provider of free computer-based phone services through its Voiceglo subsidiary, alleges infringement on seven patents for processing and delivering packetized voice and data communications. A Sprint spokeswoman says the company took action after a year of unsuccessful discussions, including licensing proposals. Voiceglo president Ed Cespedes denies the claims and says Sprint is worried about the smaller and more nimble players. 'I have 35 employees and our products are on 5 million desktops around the world,' he says. 'We are absolutely a threat.' Vonage declined comment."

Protecting tradition via IP in China

As seen on chinadaily.com.cn:
Protecting tradition via IP in China... "Intellectual property (IP) issues are key to the development of Chinese companies, especially for enterprises that manufacture traditional products. Yunnan Baiyao Group Co has learned this lesson over the past several decades, says Qi Taiyun, party secretary and company director. Like many other domestic companies, the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) manufacturer only became aware of the significance of IP protection a few years ago. The company started developing an IP strategy and building an IP management system in 1999, Qi says. 'The IP strategy greatly contributed to the company's rapid growth over the past six years.' Yunnan Baiyao's business grew over ten times from 1998 to 2004."

Monday, October 10, 2005

IBM offers to drop patent claims against SCO

As seen on cbr-online.com:
IBM offers to drop patent claims against SCO... "IBM has offered to drop its patent counterclaims against SCO Group in order to expedite the long-running contract and copyright legal battle between the two companies. IBM has made the offer in a filing with the court opposing Lindon, Utah-based SCO's motion to take additional depositions. The company maintained that it still believes SCO has infringed its patents but stated that it has made the offer in order to reduce the potential for further delays."

TiVo v. EchoStar Lawsuit involves DVR patent issues

As seen on rockymountainnews.com:
Lawsuit involves DVR patent issues... "TiVo Inc. alleges that EchoStar Communications Corp., operator of the Dish Network satellite-television service, infringed on a patent central to digital-video recorders, devices that allow viewers to pause live TV and skip commercials."

Tech Transfer Contains License for Kenaf Core Board Material

As seen on businesswire.com:
UTEK Completes Technology Transfer with Trio Industries Group, Inc.; Transfer Contains License for Kenaf Core Board Material..."UTEK Corporation (AMEX:UTK)(LSE-AIM:UTKA), a technology transfer company, and Trio Industries Group, Inc. (OTC:TRIG.PK), manufacturer of finished household cabinet components and contract furniture, announced that Trio Industries Group, Inc. has acquired Kenaf Core Technologies, Inc. (KCT), a wholly owned subsidiary of UTEK Corporation, in a stock transaction. KCT holds the license for manufacturing low-density boards and panels made of kenaf core material and a thermosetting binder or resin. 'The resulting materials of this method are water absorbent. Upon 24 hours of soaking, the material exhibits acceptable modulus and dimensional stability,' said Dan Seale, professor, at Mississippi State University's Forest and Wildlife Research Center and one of the inventors of the process. 'In situations where water absorption presents a problem, it can be reduced through a variety of methods.' "

Sunday, October 09, 2005

Groups join forces for Dept of Homeland Security rescue robot standards

As seen on eurekalert.org:
Groups join forces for U.S. Department of Homeland Security rescue robot standards... "At the recommendation of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) this month asked ASTM International to work with NIST and other stakeholders to develop voluntary consensus standards for urban search and rescue (US&R) robots. ASTM will disseminate the final consensus approved standards and test methods via its Committee E54 on Homeland Security Applications. To assist this effort, NIST engineers, first responders, technology developers and robot vendors have begun to examine potential types of standards as well as tests needed to certify compliance to them. The comprehensive US&R standards drive, sponsored by DHS, is aimed at increasing federal, state and local officials' confidence in the emerging technology, spurring the purchase and deployment of the potentially life-saving devices."

Research In Motion Loses Bid for BlackBerry Rehearing (Update3)

As seen on bloomberg.com:
Research In Motion Loses Bid for BlackBerry Rehearing (Update3)... "A U.S. appeals court rejected a bid by Research In Motion Ltd. for another chance to challenge a patent infringement ruling that may block the Canadian company from selling its BlackBerry hand-held e-mail device in the U.S. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in Washington today denied the company's request for a rehearing before the entire 12-judge court. A three-judge panel in August upheld a jury finding of infringement. Such panels almost always decide patent cases on appeal, and it's unusual for a full court to reconsider a panel's decision."

Segway sharing technology with toy robotics company

As seen on theunionleader.com:
Segway sharing technology with toy robotics company... "Segway Inc., the Bedford, NH-based company known for its self-balancing, two-wheeled Human Transporter, announced it has licensed the use of its technology for the first time to a third-party company on a royalty basis. Chief Executive Officer James D. Norrod made the announcement from the RoboNexus robotics convention in San Jose, Calif., that Segway has struck a deal with WowWee Ltd. to co-develop future products and allow the Hong Kong-based company to incorporate the technology."

Saturday, October 08, 2005

Cordia's IP Workshop Series

As seen on pharmalive.com:
Cordia's IP Workshop Series... "This year's CORDIA Convention (October 11th-13th) is to host a series of highly informative senior-level workshops as part of its unrivalled international conference programme. The aim of each workshop is to provide delegates with an opportunity to examine practical scenarios typical of those faced by senior managers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. Topics include: Intellectual Property, Clinical Trials, Funding and Licensing. Each bespoke workshop has been designed to ask questions, challenge issues and elicit maximum interaction from participants in order that the most effective solutions, regarding science, policy and regulation emerge. As a major part of the World Life Science Week (WLSW), CORDIA is also expected to be the year's most important business networking forum. Last minute registrations are still available; please visit the following URL immediately in order to secure your place: http://www.cordiaconvention.com."

Google Applies for Patents on Behavioral Targeting, Personalization and Profiling

As seen on searchenginejournal.com:
Google Advertising Patents for Behavioral Targeting, Personalization and Profiling... "Google filed two patents this week dealing with ad targeting based on user search history behavior and personalization in what seems an attempt to enter the post-search behavioral advertising market that Yahoo is already offering to its advertisers and will be available in MSN's AdCenter. The patents also follow a line of filings, including the Google filing of a creative and landing page optimization patent filing in September. The first Google patent filing discussed is "Determining ad targeting information and/or ad creative information using past search queries," which was authored mainly by Sumit Agarwal. The patent abstract describes this patent as follows : Ad information, such as ad targeting keywords and/or ad creative content for example, may be determined using aggregated selected document-to-query information associations. For example, popular terms and/or phrases also associated with a selected document may be used as ad targeting keywords and/or ad creative content for an ad having the document as a landing page. Query information may be tracked on a per document level, a per domain level, etc. The determined ad information may be used to automatically populate an ad record, or may be provided to an advertiser as suggested or recommended ad information."

ECM: The New Strategic Imperative

As seen on sda-asia.com:
ECM: The New Strategic Imperative... "Enterprise Content Management (ECM) ECM is the merging of content, process and connectivity technologies into a single, integrated solution that enables organisations to leverage their business content and automate and optimise the business processes that rely on that content. While content, process and connectivity tools have been in existence for over 20 years, it is the recent integration of these technologies that is so powerful and can bring significant benefits to users – allowing them to make better decisions faster.... Business Process Management (BPM), a core capability of ECM, provides a common framework for collaboration to guide interactions among all parties. BPM also offers control of external access to internal systems, as many businesses want to collaborate with partners, yet need to protect vital intellectual property."

Gates wants patent power

As seen on news.com.com:
Gates wants patent power... "Microsoft's chairman said Thursday that the company expects to file 3,000 patent applications this year, up from a little over 2,000 last year and 1,000 just a few years ago. Hitting the 3,000 mark would put the software giant in a league almost by itself. Last year, IBM ranked as the champion company in this particular race, winning 3,415 patents from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, with no close runners-up in the high-tech field. Hewlett-Packard was No. 5 on the list with 1,759. The push for more patents comes as Microsoft is trying to boost the licensing of its intellectual property to other companies, an effort that began last year."

Friday, October 07, 2005

Small Times Magazine Opinion: PARTS OF PATENT REFORM COULD HURT INDEPENDENT INVENTORS, STARTUPS

As seen on smalltimes.com:
Small Times Magazine OPINION: PARTS OF PATENT REFORM COULD HURT INDEPENDENT INVENTORS, STARTUPS... "Three aspects of H.R. 2795 - the House bill on patent reform - are particularly troubling to independent inventors and small businesses: the change to a first-to-file system, the limitations on patent holders seeking an injunction against an infringer and the new post-grant opposition proceedings."

Patents office rejects Microsoft FAT bid

As seen on techworld.com:
Patents office rejects Microsoft FAT bid... "The US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) has issued a preliminary rejection of two patents key to Microsoft's control of the FAT file system. FAT has been in use since the 1970s, and is widely used in removable media such as USB memory sticks and cameras. Microsoft claims it developed FAT in 1976, and was granted a patent on the system in 1996. It began licensing the system to third parties in late 2003 and has signed up several major licensees, including Rockwell International, Creative Technology and Seiko, according to the company."

Jordan Customs Department Conducts A Training Course in IP

As seen on ag-ip-news.com:
Jordan Customs Department Conducts A Training Course in IP... "Jordan Customs Department held a training course entitled Intellectual Property (IP), which targeted customs employees at Amman Airport Customs Office. 'The one-day training course aimed at updating employees on the latest information regarding trademarks and infringement, and how to detect fake products,' Lecturer and Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property Legal Consultant Ala' Musleh told ag-IP-news Agency."

GPSI Announces New Licensing Team for Intellectual Property

As seen on marketwire.com:
GPSI Announces New Licensing Team for Intellectual Property... "GPS Industries Inc. (OTC BB: GPSN), developer of Wi-Fi wireless and GPS-enabled multimedia communications and management solutions for golf facilities, resorts, sporting events and residential communities, announced the formation of a team to address licensing its portfolio of intellectual property, including patents which cover the use of global positioning satellites (GPS) for distance measurement on golf courses."

New unidirectional molecular rotor may lead to tiny sensors, pumps, switches

As seen on eurekalert.org:
New unidirectional molecular rotor may lead to tiny sensors, pumps, switches... "A University of Colorado at Boulder team has developed the first computer-generated model of a tiny, waterwheel-like molecular rotor that has been harnessed to rotate in one direction at different speeds in response to changes in the strength of an electrical field applied from the outside. The synthetic molecule features a chemical axle with two attached 'paddles' carrying opposite electrical charges, which is mounted parallel to a gold substrate surface, said Professor Josef Michl of CU-Boulder's chemistry and biochemistry department. The researchers found that the microscopic rotor -- constructed with a few hundred atoms -- will turn in a desired direction at a selected frequency using an oscillating electrical field concentrated in a tiny area above the molecule."

ImageWare Signs $500k Patent Licensing Agreement

As seen on businesswire.com:
ImageWare Signs $500k Patent Licensing Agreement... "ImageWare(R) Systems, Inc. (AMEX:IW), developer and provider of identity management solutions, announced it has signed a patent license agreement with Boston Equities Corporation to employ ImageWare's digital imaging technology for the development, manufacture, and sublicensing of technology in the field of computer video and Web conferencing, including applications that operate on servers, desktop and laptop computers, Tablet PCs, personal digital assistants (PDAs), mobile phones and other portable devices. In consideration for the patent license granted, Boston Equities Corporation will pay ImageWare a fee of $500,000 in addition to continued royalties based on sublicenses granted."

Thursday, October 06, 2005

PENNWELL ACQUIRES SMALL TIMES MAGAZINE

As seen on smalltimes.com:
PENNWELL ACQUIRES SMALL TIMES MAGAZINE... "PennWell Corporation, a diversified global media and information company, announced that it has acquired Small Times magazine, a business publication covering the fast-emerging nanotechnology, MEMS and microsystems markets. The acquisition also includes the magazine's associated trade conference and exhibition, NanoCommerce, taking place November 1-3, 2005 in Chicago, Illinois, the magazine's website, http://www.smalltimes.com, newsletters and research services. Financial terms of the sale were not disclosed.Founded in 2001, Small Times magazine is published nine times annually for a circulation of 28,000. It is the leading source of news and analysis about micro and nanotechnology, detailing technological advances, applications and investment opportunities to help business leaders stay informed about this rapidly changing business. From biotech and defense to telecom and energy, Small Times addresses key issues in the industry's development, along with market intelligence. "

Business Action to stop Counterfeiting and Piracy

As seen on iccwbo.org:
Global CEOs form coalition to fight counterfeiting and piracy, warn on threat to jobs, investment and consumer safety... "London meeting agrees initial 4-point plan of action and undertakes to expand global coalition. Business leaders from some of the world's top companies formed a unique coalition to take the fight against the theft of intellectual property to the highest international level. Meeting under the banner Business Action to Stop Counterfeiting and Piracy (BASCAP), the corporate leaders warned that thisillegal activity estimated at $600 billion is threatening the knowledge-based economy of the 21st century. "

Wednesday, October 05, 2005

ICE Prevails in Copyright Lawsuit Brought by NYMEX

As seen on businesswire.com:
ICE Prevails in Copyright Lawsuit Brought by NYMEX... "The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York granted summary judgment in favor of IntercontinentalExchange, Inc. (ICE) on all claims asserted by the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) in a lawsuit related to ICE's use of NYMEX settlement prices in its over-the-counter (OTC) derivative contracts. In his ruling terminating NYMEX's lawsuit, Judge John G. Koeltl found that NYMEX's settlement prices were not copyrightable works as a matter of law, and that ICE had not engaged in copyright or trademark infringement in referencing NYMEX's publicly available settlement prices in its OTC derivative contracts."

Granite State angels are chiseling out startup niche

As seen on masshightech.com:
Granite State angels are chiseling out startup niche... "The launch of a new angel group in New Hampshire known as Northeast Angels has increased the industry chatter surrounding the growing early stage company community in the Granite State. What remains in question is whether the increase in early stage companies is driving the growth of alternative funding sources or vice versa."

Tuesday, October 04, 2005

Next Generation Biotherapeutics: control over protein glycosylation

As seen on glycofi.com:
Next Generation Biotherapeutics -- control over protein glycosylation... GlycoFi has announced a broad, strategic, multi-product research and commercialization agreement with Eli Lilly and Company to discover and develop antibodies and other therapeutic proteins using GlycoFi's protein optimization technology. GlycoFi’s strategy is to secure global intellectual property protection for its protein expression technology, as well as specific glycan structure-protein activity relationships, with the ability to freely license its intellectual property rights and know-how to others.

Acacia Technologies Licenses Credit Card Fraud Protection Tech to CVS

As seen on businesswire.com:
Acacia Technologies Licenses Credit Card Fraud Protection Technology to CVS Pharmacy... "Acacia Research Corporation (Nasdaq:ACTG) (Nasdaq:CBMX) announced that Financial Systems Innovation LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Acacia Technologies group, a leader in technology licensing, has entered into non-exclusive licenses covering a patent that applies to credit card fraud protection technology with CVS Pharmacy, Inc."

Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) licenses patent portfolios to IT makers

As seen on english.www.gov.tw:
ITRI licenses patent portfolios to IT makers... "Taiwan's Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), a non-profit research and technical service organization, sold more than 100 patent portfolios on September 29, mainly to Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp., Media Tek Inc., AU Optronics, and Chi Mei Optoelectronics, on an exclusive licensing basis at a total cost of NT$300 million. In addition to the right to re-licensing the patents, the four companies will be able to decide whether to buy out the licenses within one year, a brand new practice in patent trading. "

Monday, October 03, 2005

USPTO outsources PCT backlog

As seen on managingip.com:
"The US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is to outsource patent searches to private companies and to IP offices overseas in an effort to cut the large backlog of pending applications. The USPTO has awarded contracts to two US companies, Landon OP and IP Data Miner, to take part in a pilot programme to carry out PCT searches. The trial scheme could last up to 18 months. To judge the trials' success, a spokeswoman for the USPTO said that they would use an initial 'ramp-up period' of several months during which each application would undergo a detailed quality review conducted by a USPTO PCT specialist."

USPTO Issues Double-Patenting Rejection on Genentech's 29-Year Patent

As seen on patentbaristas.com:
Patent Baristas: USPTO Issues Double-Patenting Rejection on Genentech's 29-Year Patent... "In a preliminary ruling, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued a double-patenting rejection on a Genentech patent indicating that the patent, awarded in 2001, covered basically the same invention as an earlier Genentech patent that was set to expire next March. Genentech called the patent examiner's action 'a routine and expected next step in the reexamination procedure.' A final resolution could take months or years and the patent will remain enforceable in the meantime. The request to reexamine the patent was made in May by a Chicago lawyer but it's not known which company or companies are represented. The patent, known as the Cabilly patent after the lead inventor, Shmuel Cabilly, covers what Genentech calls "the 'fundamental technology required for the artificial synthesis of antibody molecules," which are the basis for many of the best-selling drugs produced by the biotechnology industry. Genentech gets an estimated $300 million a year in royalties on sales of drugs like Enbrel from Amgen, Remicade from Johnson & Johnson and Synagis from MedImmune.

IBM and Applied Materials start five-year research project

As seen on newsday.com:
IBM and Applied Materials start five-year research project... "Computer giant International Business Machines Corp. and Applied Materials Inc. said they will form a five-year, $300 million partnership to develop new microchip technologies. The initiative will bring about 80 researchers to Albany Nanotech, a SUNY affiliated center for nanotechnology research and development funded by the state and private sector."

Sunday, October 02, 2005

Acacia Technologies Licenses Multi-Dimensional Bar Code Tech to AMD

As seen on tmcnet.com:
Acacia Technologies Licenses Multi-Dimensional Bar Code Technology to AMD... "Acacia Research Corporation (Nasdaq:ACTG)(Nasdaq:CBMX) announced that VData, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary that is part of the Acacia Technologies group, a leader in technology licensing, has entered into a license with Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., covering a portfolio of patents that apply to certain multi-dimensional bar code systems. The license to AMD resolves a patent infringement lawsuit against AMD, which was pending in the District Court for the District of Minnesota. "

EU considers reimposing sanctions after ruling from WTO

As seen on seattletimes.nwsource.com:
EU considers reimposing sanctions after ruling from WTO... "The European Union threatened to reimpose sanctions on as much as $4 billion a year in U.S. goods after the World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled that the United States fell short in its attempt to repeal a contested tax rebate for exporters. WTO arbitrators backed an EU complaint against a U.S. law created last year to end a 10-year, $50 billion tax break that benefited businesses such as Caterpillar and Boeing."

Saturday, October 01, 2005

Likely Impact of "MGM v. Grokster" on Tech Companies

As seen on mondaq.com:
Likely Impact of "MGM v. Grokster" (and an Australian Echo) on Technology Companies... "The recent unanimous Supreme Court decision in MGM v. Grokster adds to our understanding of secondary liability under copyright law. But does it really strike the right balance between copyright protection and innovation? The Court in Grokster considered whether companies that distribute software allowing computer users to share files through peer-to-peer networks should be held indirectly liable for copyright infringement occurring by use of that software. The peer-to-peer networks enabled by the software allow the user computers to communicate directly with each other. In particular, users locate a work on another's computer and cause a copy of the work to be made (downloaded) by transmission from one user computer to another. The software providers did not participate directly in any acts of infringement. However, they marketed and distributed the software."

Lack of Specific Reference to Priority Application Is Not Fatal to Priority Claim

As seen on mondaq.com:
Lack of Specific Reference to Priority Application Is Not Fatal to Priority Claim... "Reversing a district court finding of invalidity based on an intervening publication, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has now held that a patent may claim priority back to the filing date of a Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) application not specifically referenced in Broadcast Innovation, L.L.C. v. Charter Communications, Inc., Case No. 05-1008 (Fed. Cir. Aug. 19, 2005) (Rader, J.)."

Lloyd's taking on open source IP risk

As seen on theregister.co.uk:
Lloyd's taking on open source IP risk... "Lloyd's of London is close to offering independent insurance protection worldwide against potential IP litigation involving Linux and open source software. The financial services giant has agreed to take on the risk associated with open source, and is finalizing arrangements to work through Open Source Risk Management (OSRM) who will become Lloyd's sole US representative. OSRM will assess both the risk of the software in use and the individual company, before passing on the risk to the appropriate insurance company on the Lloyds market. OSRM expects to announce the first customers this Fall, and will initially charge organizations $60 per server."

Larry's little man can't get a UK software patent

As seen on theregister.co.uk:
Larry's little man can't get a UK software patent... "Oracle has been told that it cannot patent its method of converting a document from one mark-up language to another in the UK. Part of the reason was that a patent would give Larry Ellison's company too much control over sales of computer programs. The invention was a simple means of converting text from SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) to another mark-up language, such as HTML. Oracle, the world's largest enterprise software company, filed for a patent in 2002 because, while such a conversion could be done by others, a lot of human input was required."